Refrigerant data (overview)

 

refrigerant

chemical

group

components

name

producer

substitute for

application max
(°C)

application min
(°C)

application limitations max
(°C)

application limitations min
(°C)

application 2-stage
max (°C)

application 2-stage
min (°C)

oil 1

oil 2

oil 3

oil with limitations 1

oil with limitations 2

molar mass (g/mol)

normal boiling point (°C)

normal dew point (°C)

temperature glide (K)

critical temperature (°C)

critical pressure (bar)

ODP

GWP AR4

GWP AR5

cond temp at 26 bar abs (°C)

refr. Capacity relative (%)

discharge temp increase (K)

safety group ISO817

practical limit AEL (kg/m³)

R11
CCl3F CFC trichloro-fluoro-methane 30 0 MO AB 137.37 23.8 23.8 0 198 44.1 1 4750 4660 163 A1 0.3
R12
CCl2F2 CFC dichloro-difluoro-methane 20 -30 MO AB 120.91 -29.8 -29.8 0 112 41.2 1 10900 10200 86 A1 0.5
R13
CClF3 CFC chloro-trifluoro-methane -30 -80 MO AB 104.46 -81.4 -81.4 0 29 38.7 1 14400 13900 11 A1 0.5
R13B1
CBrF3 Halon trifluoro-bromo-methane -10 -60 MO AB 148.92 -57.7 -57.7 0 67 39.9 10 7140 6290 46 A1 0.6
R13I1
CF3I IFC trifluoro-iodo-methane POE 195.91 -21.9 -21.9 0 123 39.5 0.01 1 1 99 A1 N/A
R14
CF4 PFC tetrafluoro-methane -90 -125 POE 88.01 -127.9 -127.9 0 -46 37.5 0 7390 6630 -58 A1 0.4
R22
CHClF2 HCFC chloro-difluoro-methane R502, R12 12 -45 -20 -50 MO AB 86.47 -40.7 -40.7 0 96 49.9 0.055 1810 1760 63 80 (L) 35 A1 0.3
R23
CHF3 HFC trifluoro-methane R13, R503 -50 -95 POE PVE AB 70.01 -82 -82 0 26 48.3 0 14800 12400 2 A1 0.68
R32
CH2F2 HFC difluoro-methane R410A 15 -15 POE PVE AB 52.02 -51.7 -51.7 0 78 57.8 0 675 677 42 108 (H) 21 A2L 0.061
R123
CClF2CClFH HCFC dichloro-trifluoro-ethane R11 20 0 MO AB 152.92 27.8 27.8 0 184 36.6 0.02 77 79 163 0.1
R124
CHClFCF3 HCFC chloro-tetrafluoro-ethane R114, R12B1 40 5 MO AB 136.47 -12 -12 0 122 36.2 0.022 609 527 105 A1 0.11
R125
CF3CHF2 HFC pentafluoro-ethane 7 -45 POE PVE AB 120.02 -48.5 -48.5 0 66 36.3 0 3500 3170 51 A1 0.39
R134a
CF3CH2F HFC 1,1,1,2-tetrafluoro-ethane R12, R22 25 -20 -30 POE PVE AB 102.03 -26.1 -26.1 0 101 40.7 0 1430 1300 79 97 (M) -8 A1 0.25
R142b
CClF2CH3 HCFC 1-chloro-1,1-difluoro-ethane R114, R12B1 20 -10 MO AB 100.5 -9.1 -9.1 0 137 40.6 0.065 2310 1980 112 A2 0.049
R143a
CF3CH3 HFC 1,1,1-trifluoro-ethane 0 -45 POE PVE AB 84.04 -47.2 -47.2 0 73 37.6 0 4470 4800 55 A2L 0.048
R152a
CHF2CH3 HFC 1,1-difluoro-methane R12, R22 25 -20 POE PVE AB 66.05 -24 -24 0 113 45.2 0 124 138 85 A2 0.027
R170
CH3CH3 HC ethane R23, R508A, R508B -50 -95 PAO MO POE AB 30.07 -88.6 -88.6 0 32 48.7 0 6 6 4 A3 0.0086
R227ea
CF3CHFCF3 HFC 1,1,1,2,3,3,3-heptafluoro-propane R12B1, R114 40 -10 POE PVE AB 170.03 -16.3 -16.3 0 102 29.3 0 3220 3350 96 A1 0.63
R236fa
CF3CH2CF3 HFC 1,1,1,3,3,3-hexafluoro-propane R114 40 0 POE PVE AB 152.04 -1.5 -1.5 0 125 32 0 9810 8060 115 A1 0.59
R245fa
CF3CH2CF2H HFC 1,1,1,3,3-pentafluoro-propane R123 40 5 POE 134.05 15.1 15.1 0 154 36.5 0 1030 856 136 B1 0.19
R290
CH3CH2CH3 HC propane R404A, R507A, R22 12 -40 -20 -55 PAO MO POE AB PAG 44.1 -42.1 -42.1 0 97 42.5 0 3 3 70 86 (M) 4 A3 0.008
R600
CH3CH2CH2CH3 HC butane 40 0 MO PAO POE AB 58.12 -0.5 -0.5 0 152 38 0 4 3 129 A3 0.011
R600a
CH3CHCH3CH3 HC isobutane R134a, R12 40 -10 -25 MO PAO POE AB 58.12 -11.8 -11.8 0 135 36.3 0 3 3 115 55 (H) -9 A3 0.011
R717
NH3 NH3 ammonia R404A, R507A, R22 12 -20 -15 -50 MO PAO MO/HC AB 17.03 -33.4 -33.4 0 132 113 0 0 0 60 100 (M) 60 B2L 0.00035
R723
NH3/R-E170 NH3/R-E170 ammonia/DME R404A, R507A, R22 12 -20 -15 -50 MO PAO MO/HC AB 22.77 -36.5 -36.5 0 131 110 0 1 1 58 105 (M) 35 B2 N/A
R744
CO2 CO2 carbon dioxide R23, R134a, R404A, R507A 20 -20 -10 -50 POE PAG 44.01 -78.3 -78.3 0 31 73.8 0 1 1 -11 A1 0.07
R744A
N2O N2O nitrous oxide R23, R508A, R508B -40 -80 special 44.01 -88.5 -88.5 0 36 72.5 0.017 298 265 -7 A1 N/A
R1150
CH2CH2 HC ethylene R14, R23, R508A, R508B -50 -100 MO PAO 28.05 -103.8 -103.8 0 9 50.4 0 4 4 -19 A3 0.006
R1224yd(Z)
(Z)-CF3-CF=CHCl HCFO (Z)-1-chloro-2,3,3,3-tetrafluoro-propene Amolea R123, R11 30 0 POE 14.6 14.6 0 156 33.3 0.00012 4 1 141 A1 N/A
R1233zd(E)
C3H2ClF3 HCFO trans-1-chloro-3,3,3-trifluoro-1-propene R123, R11 30 0 POE 133.5 18.3 18.3 0 166 36.2 0.00034 5 1 147 A1 N/A
R1234yf
CF3FCH2 HFO 2,3,3,3-tetrafluoro-1-propene Chemours, Honeywell R134a 25 -25 -30 POE PVE 114.04 -29.5 -29.5 0 95 33.8 0 4 1 82 98 (M) -14 A2L 0.058
R1234ze(E)
C3H2F4 HFO trans-1,3,3,3-tetrafluoro-1-propene Honeywell R134a 40 -10 POE PVE 114.04 -19 -19 0 109 36.4 0 6 1 92 75 (H) -6 A2L 0.061
R1270
CH2CHCH3 HC propylene / propene R404A, R507A, R22 12 -40 -20 -55 PAO MO POE AB PAG 42.08 -47.6 -47.6 0 91 45.6 0 2 2 61 104 (M) 12 A3 0.008
R1336mzz(E)
C4H2F6 HFO trans-1,1,1,4,4,4-hexafluoro-2-butene R245fa 40 0 POE special 164.06 7.6 7.6 0 130 27.7 0 18 7 126 A1 0.048
R1336mzz(Z)
C4H2F6 HFO cis-1,1,1,4,4,4-hexafluoro-2-butene R123, R245fa 40 0 POE special 164.06 33.5 33.5 0 171 29 0 9 2 165 A1 0.087
MO89
HFC R125/ 218/ 290 ISCEON MO89 R13B1 -20 -45 -40 -80 POE PVE AB 113.92 -53.2 -50.3 2.9 62 35.6 0 3805 3324 48 A1 N/A
R404A
HFC R143a/ 125/ 134a R502, R22 0 -45 7 -30 -70 POE PVE AB 97.6 -46.2 -45.5 0.7 72 37.4 0 3922 3940 56 105 (M) -34 A1 0.52
R407A
HFC R32/ 125/ 134a R22, R404A, R507A 0 -40 7 -30 -55 POE PVE AB 90.11 -45.2 -38.7 6.5 82 44.9 0 2107 1920 59 98 (M) -19 A1 0.33
R407C
HFC R32/ 125/ 134a R22, R404A, R507A 12 -25 -30 POE PVE AB 86.2 -43.8 -36.7 7.1 86 46.2 0 1774 1620 61 100 (H) -8 A1 0.31
R407F
HFC R32/ 125/ 134a R22, R404A, R507A 0 -40 7 -30 -55 POE PVE AB 82.06 -46.1 -39.7 6.4 83 47.6 0 1825 1674 57 104 (M) -11 A1 0.32
R407H
HFC R32/ 125/ 134a R22, R404A, R507A 0 -30 7 -35 POE PVE AB 79.1 -44.6 -37.6 7 87 48.6 0 1490 1380 60 99 (M) -8 A1 0.38
R410A
HFC R32/ 125 R22, R13B1 12 -25 -40 -40 -80 POE PVE AB 72.59 -51.4 -51.4 0 71 49 0 2088 1920 43 140 (H) -4 A1 0.44
R417A
HFC R125/ 134a/ 600 R22 12 -25 -30 POE PVE AB 106.75 -39.1 -34.1 5 85 38.9 0 2346 2130 67 97 (M) -25 A1 0.15
R417B
HFC R125/ 134a/ 600 R22 0 -40 7 POE PVE AB 113.12 -44.9 -41.5 3.4 74 37.4 0 2920 2740 58 95 (M) -37 A1 0.069
R422A
HFC R125/ 134a/ 600a R22 0 -40 7 POE PVE AB 113.6 -46.5 -44 2.5 71 36.7 0 3143 2850 55 100 (M) -39 A1 0.29
R422D
HFC R125/ 134a/ 600a R22 0 -40 7 POE PVE AB 109.94 -43.2 -38.3 4.9 78 38 0 2729 2470 62 90 (M) -36 A1 0.26
R427A
HFC R32/ 125/ 143a/ 134a R22 0 -40 7 POE PVE AB 90.44 -43 -36.2 6.8 85 44.1 0 2138 2020 63 90 (M) -20 A1 0.29
R437A
HFC R125/ 134a/ 600/ 601 R12 12 -30 POE PVE AB 103.71 -32.4 -28.9 3.5 95 40 0 1805 1640 75 108 (M) -7 A1 0.081
R438A
HFC R32/ 125/ 134a/ 600/ 601a R22 0 -40 7 POE PVE AB 99.13 -42.3 -35.7 6.6 83 41.8 0 2264 2060 63 88 (M) -27 A1 0.079
R442A
HFC R32/ 125/ 134a/ 152a/ 227ea R404A, R507A 0 -40 POE PVE 81.76 -46.4 -39.7 6.7 82,4 47.5 0 1888 1750 57 A1 0.33
R444A
HFO/HFC R32/ 152a/ 1234ze(E) AC5 Koura/Mexichem R134a 25 -20 POE PVE 96.7 -35.7 -24.6 11.1 106 44.7 0 92 89 81 A2L 0.29
R448A
HFO/HFC R32/ 125/ 1234yf/ 1234ze(E)/ 134a N-40 Honeywell R404A, R507A 12 -40 -45 -25 -65 POE PVE 86.28 -46.1 -39.9 6.2 83 46 0 1387 1273 58 96 (M) 12 A1 0.388
R449A
HFO/HFC R32/ 125/ 1234yf/ 134a XP40, 449A Chemours, Arkema R404A, R507A 12 -40 -45 -25 -65 POE PVE 87.21 -45.7 -40 5.7 82 45 0 1397 1282 58 96 (M) 12 A1 0.357
R449C
HFO/HFC R32/ 125/ 1234yf/ 134a Chemours R407C, R22 12 -35 POE PVE -44 -38 6 84 0 1251 1146 61 A1 0.362
R450A
HFO/HFC R1234ze(E)/ 134a N-13 Honeywell R134a, R12 25 -25 POE PVE 108.67 -23.4 -22.8 0.6 104 38.2 0 604 547 86 88 (M) -6 A1 0.319
R452A
HFO/HFC R32/ 125/ 1234yf XP44 Chemours R404A, R507A 12 -40 -25 -65 POE PVE 103.51 -46.9 -43.1 3.8 75 40 0 2140 1945 56 A1 0.423
R452B
HFO/HFC R32/ 125/ 1234yf XL55, L-41y Chemours, Honeywell R410A 15 -25 POE PVE 63.53 -50.7 -49.8 0.9 77 52.2 0 698 676 46 98 (H) 7 A2L 0.062
R454A
HFO/HFC R32/ 1234yf XL40, ARM-20b Chemours, Arkema R404A, R507A 12 -40 -25 -65 POE PVE 79.79 -47.9 -42.2 5.7 82 46.3 0 239 238 57 A2L 0.056
R454B
HFO/HFC R32/ 1234yf XL41 Chemours R410A 15 -25 POE PVE 62.61 -50.5 -49.5 1 78 52.7 0 466 467 47 97 (H) 0 A2L 0.061
R454C
HFO/HFC R32/ 1234yf XL20 Chemours R404A, R507A 12 -40 -25 -65 POE PVE 90.78 -45.6 -37.8 7.8 86 43.2 0 148 146 64 A2L 0.059
R455A
HFO/HFC R32/ 1234yf/ 744 L-40X Honeywell R404A, R507A 12 -40 -25 -65 POE PVE 87.45 -52 -39.2 12.8 86 46.5 0 148 146 61 93 (M) 10 A2L 0.105
R456A
HFO/HFC R32/ 1234ze(E)/ 134a AC5X Koura/Mexichem R134a 25 -25 POE PVE 101.42 -30.8 -25.4 5.4 103 41.8 0 687 627 80 A1 0.32
R457A
HFO/HFC R32/ 1234yf/ 152a ARM-20a Arkema R404A, R507A 12 -40 -25 -65 POE PVE 87.61 -42.6 -35.5 7.1 90 43.1 0 139 139 68 A2L 0.043
R463A
HFO/HFC R32/ 125/ 1234yf/ 134a/ 744 XP41 Chemours R410A 15 -25 POE PVE 74.72 -59.9 -46.9 13 76 52.4 0 1494 1377 47 A1 0.299
R465A
HFO/HFC R32/ 1234yf/ 290 ARM-25 Arkema R404A, R507A 7 -40 POE PVE 82.9 -51.7 -40 11.7 82 43.4 0 145 143 60 A2 0.04
R466A
HFO/HFC R32/ 1234yf/ 13I1 N-41 Honeywell R410A 15 -25 POE PVE 80.69 -51.7 -51 0.7 76 51.4 0 733 696 46 A1 0.099
R468A
HFO/HFC R32/ 1234yf/ 1132a Daikin Chemical R404A, R507A, R22 0 -40 POE 88.8 -51.2 -39 12.2 84 44.5 0 148 147 62 A2L N/A
R469A
HFC/CO2 R744/ 32/ 125 WT69 TEGA R23 -40 -75 POE 59.1 -78.5 -61.5 17 59 65.2 0 1358 1250 23 A1 N/A
R471A
HFO/HFC R1234ze(E)/ 1336mzz(E)/ 227ea Honeywell R134a 20 -20 POE 122.1 -16.9 -13.7 3.2 112 35.3 0 148 148 97 67 (H) -7 A1 N/A
R500
CFC R12/ 152a 10 -30 MO AB 99.3 -33.6 -33.6 0 102 41.7 0.74 8077 7560 78 A1 0.4
R502
CFC R22/ 115 10 -50 AB 111.64 -45.4 -45.4 0 82 40.7 0.33 4657 4790 60 A1 0.45
R503
CFC R13/ 23 -50 -90 AB 87.24 -87.9 -87.9 0 20 43.4 0.6 14560 13300 -2 A1 0.35
R507A
HFC R143a/ 125 R502, R22 0 -45 7 -30 -70 POE PVE AB 98.86 -46.7 -46.7 0 71 37.1 0 3985 3990 54 107 (M) -34 A1 0.53
R508A
HFC R23/ 116 R503 -50 -95 POE 100.1 -87.6 -87.6 0 10 36.5 0 13210 11600 -3 A1 0.23
R508B
HFC R23/ 116 R503 -50 -95 POE 95.39 -87.6 -87.6 0 11 37.7 0 13400 11700 -3 A1 0.25
R513A
HFO/HFC R1234yf/ 134a XP10 Chemours R134a, R12, R404A 25 -25 -30 POE PVE 108.31 -29.6 -29.5 0 95 36.5 0 631 573 78 102 (M) -7 A1 0.319
R514A
HFO R1336mzz(Z)/ 1130(E) XP30 Chemours R11, R123, R134a 40 0 POE 139.6 28.8 28.8 0 178 34.7 0 7 2 161 B1 0.013
R515B
HFO/HFC R1234ze(E)/ 227ea N-15 Honeywell R134a 20 -20 POE 117.48 -18.8 -18.8 0 109 35.8 0 293 299 93 75 (H) -7 A1 0.29
R516A
HFO/HFC R1234yf/ 152a/ 134a ARM-42 Arkema R134a 25 -25 POE 102.58 -29.4 -29.4 0 97 36.2 0 142 131 80 A2L 0.042